PSED and Relationships & Sex Education

Public Sector Equality Duty


What is the PSED?

The Equality Act 2010 introduced a single, general duty for public bodies, including schools, and which extends to all ‘protected characteristics’ – race, disability, sex, age, religion or belief, sexual orientation, pregnancy and maternity and gender reassignment.

There are three main elements within the act and in carrying out our functions, as a school, we must have regard for the need to:

  1. Eliminate discrimination and other conduct prohibited by the act.
  2. Advance equality of opportunity between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it.
  3. Foster good relations across all characteristics – between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it.

It should be noted that age is a relevant characteristic for schools when considering their duties as an employer but not in relation to pupils. The PSED replaces the previous three sets of separate duties to promote disability, race and gender equality. All schools must have ‘due regard’ to the three elements. Therefore whenever significant decisions are being made, or policies being developed or reviewed, the school will consider carefully the equalities implications.


How does  our School comply with the PSED?

The school has a range of policies which make explicit the school’s long established commitment to actively promoting equality of opportunity for all. The main policies dealing with equality of opportunity are:

Equality policy

SEND Policy

Behaviour and Anti-Bullying Policy

Accessibility Plan

Commitment to Unicef Rights of the Child

St Cuthbert’s school is committed to inclusion for all. “The school’s mission statement ‘We Love, We learn, We grow’ celebrates the uniqueness of every individual in the school and is clearly at the heart of what we do. This is a school where we work in partnership to ensure maximum achievement for everyone involved in and this includes pupils, staff and often families. Individual difference is seen as a positive feature in this school, where everyone is encouraged to see the strengths in others and encouraged to be an individual. 

The school celebrates difference and diversity through a variety of activities such as personalising the curriculum for individual pupils with additional needs, therapeutic approaches to inclusive practice such as Play Therapy. An emphasis on mental health and wellbeing through our curriculum and planning opportunities to celebrate cultural diversity.

Below are our key areas of focus that reflect the PSED:


1. Eliminate discrimination

 St Cuthbert’s RC Primary School belongs to a small Federation: with St Mary's RC Primary in Levenhsulme. It  is a slightly larger than average sized primary school with a nursery in Withington, Manchester. There are currently 256 children on roll, including 26 in the nursery class, with 70% of the pupils baptised Catholics. Pupils are arranged in a mixture of single age and mixed age classes.

The school is in the top 20% of all schools for the proportion of FSM nationally. Approximately 80% of pupils live in the top 20% most deprived areas in the UK with just over half from a white British background with almost 40% from a minority ethnic background.  This school has 12 out of 17 possible ethnic groups (the average number of groups for this phase of education is 9) and around 15% of pupils do not have English as their first language, Mobility is higher than national average %. The total percentage of pupils identified with SEND is 28% which is signifciantly above the national average and of these over 40% have additional needs related to mental health and wellbeing (double the national average),30% have additional needs related to speech, language and communication and 15% have an autistic spectrum condition. 7.1% of pupils on roll have an EHCP - the national average is 1.5%.

Close tracking of all pupil outcomes takes place in a structured, systematic way and the school intervenes where it reveals underachievement, low attainment or concerns about specific groups or individuals.

Monitoring and evaluation, and the analysis of data, takes place across the school and is used within the improvement cycle at each Key Stage. Assessment data leads to judgments for key areas of improvement and development.


2. Advance equality of opportunity

The school is committed to advancing equality of opportunity between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it, and has put a range of approaches in place to ensure that this happens.

The school monitors and evaluates, frequently and regularly, the attainment and progress of all pupils and looks at the performance of particular groups who share a protected characteristic to compare their performance with those who do not share it. Interventions are then planned and implemented in order to close any disparities in performance.

Examples of practice which advances equality of opportunity:

Where necessary, we use the services of outside agencies to support families and individual pupils. We have our own school based pastoral lead who oversees commissioned and in school support for our most vulnerable pupils and families. Pupils with SEND, including those with medical needs, are fully supported by our Inclusion team and external specialist professionals.

We have excellent links with local providers, which ensures that transition into early Years and Year 7 runs smoothly. We use the  resources of the Manchester Safeguarding board and Child Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) for pupils who need this type of expert support.

The governing body committees regularly review existing provision, they have created an Accessibility Plan and Equal Opportunities policy. Each committee monitors implementation reviews on a three year cycle.

Pupils needs are effectively identified and their learning is provided for, not only in routine differentiation but specifically according to individual need . We select individuals for courses, duties and involvement in appropriate activities that will use and extend their abilities, gifts and talents.


3.      Foster good relations across all characteristics

The school adopts a wide range of approaches to foster good relations across all characteristics. 

Some specific examples are as follows:

The school participates in fund raising for many charities supporting local, national and global issues, which are understood and supported by children.

The strong global dimension of our curriculum develops our pupils’ awareness of different countries and cultures.

At our Diocesan RE inspection, it was recognised that at this school we understand differences and value diverse experiences. 

The impact of this is a school where every person feels valued, respected and safe.

All governors demonstrate a high level of engagement with the school in areas such as health and safety, Social, Moral, Spiritual and Cultural development, SEND and equality. They concern themselves with the inclusive nature of our school, the well-being of staff and pupils and with attendance and behaviour.

Our partnership with local schools is an integral part of our school provision. We work with the local schools cluster group, the Catholic partnership, the Manchester schools alliance and the Manchester Teaching School. Through these partnerships our children have access to a range of activities and competitions that span the curriculum.

Our extended services are offered in the form of a wide variety of clubs outside of the school day. The impact of this is that children experience enrichments to the basic curriculum. These clubs are popular and very well attended.

At a global level we are proud of our proactive links with through our parish links and with CAFOD.




Our Equality Objectives

Under the Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED) the school is required to set Equality Objectives. Our published information must be updated annually and objectives published at least once every four years.

Objective 1: To narrow the gap between the progress made by ‘all’ children and that made by ‘groups’ of children such as those eligible for the Pupil Premium.

Objective 2: To ensure that future reviews of all school policies include information about, and links to, PSED. In order to eliminate discrimination all school policies will be reviewed and revised to ensure that where relevant the importance of avoiding discrimination, victimisation or harassment is expressly noted.

Objective 3: To ensure that staff induction includes raising awareness of, and staff understanding their responsibilities under, the Equality Act.

Objective 4: To eradicate the use of homophobic, biphobic, transphobic, sexist, racist and other discriminative language by pupils in the school.

Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education




At St Cuthbert's RC Primary School, we are committed to the education of the whole child through a broad and balanced curriculum. This includes the teaching of RSE (Relationships and Sex Education) and PSHE (Personal, Social and Health Education) at a level which is appropriate to the age and stage of development of our children. We believe that the teaching about human love and relationships must have the teachings of Jesus at its core and promote Catholic virtues as well as equipping all children with the clear and scientific information they need to maintain successful and happy relationships and healthy minds and bodies.


RSE and PSHE may be taught explicitly or through Religious Education, Science or Rights Respecting Schools lessons and each will be informed by the other.

Three key themes, in RSE, will be explored:

  • We are created and loved by God
  • We are created to love others
  • We are created to live in communities: local, national & global


Our whole school intent for RSE

  • For teaching and learning to be a sacred experience, with Christ known and at the core of our teaching.
  • Inspired by the examples of Pope Francis, be rooted in the principles of Catholic Social Teaching.
  • Develop communication skills necessary for life and learning, promoting high expectations and standards in reading, writing and maths across a range of subject areas.
  • Providing opportunities for children to develop as independent, confident and successful learners with high aspirations who know how to make a positive contribution to their community and wider society.
  • Providing diverse and rich SMSC (spiritual, moral social and cultural development) opportunities from which children develop a range of transferable skills.
  • Encourage children to respect each other and have respect for people of all faiths, race and gender, ensuring children are well prepared for a rapidly changing world.


Our implementation of RSE

Our RSE Curriculum is enhanced with additional National and Diocesan programmes such as ‘Ten:Ten – Life to the Full’ and will be taught alongside the PSHE Association Curriculum; which seeks to promote both mental and physical wellbeing including drugs and alcohol education. Life to the Full is a programme in Relationship Education for Catholic primary schools throughout the UK.

Parents and Carers information Leaflet

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